The Baucom Hardaway Site (Peck and Painter)

1983). This theory is slowly gaining acceptance among some scholars, but we have a long way to go. It seems that scholarly traditions sometimes last as long as cultural traditions, and are just as firm1y entrenched.

Joffre Coe, unfortunately, was unable to radiocarbon date the Hardaway Side-Notched point, and its several ancestral forms at the well-known Hardaway Site in Stanly County, North Carolina. Coe used instead the information gained from related forms that had been C-14 dated elsewhere, coupled with the stratigraphic sequences found at the nearby Doerschuk Site and the even older projectile point forms from the midden at the Hardaway Site. He was remarkably close according to recently obtained dates from other sites ( Patterson and Hudgins, 1983: Peck and Painter, 1984, this paper). Coe dated the Hardaway type series as beginning as far back as 12,000 B. P. Coe does not classify his Hardaway types (Hardaway Blade, Hardaway Dalton and Hardaway Side-Notched) as Paleo-Indian manifestations but does state, however, "that these three types did occur as variations during a relative long period of time prior to the beginning of the Archaic" (underlining ours). Scholars in some quarters still find it difficult to place the Hardaway Series in a Paleo-Indian context, but that is firmly where they belong.

Small flecks of charcoal and charcoal stained soil was noted from the very beginning of excavations at the Baucom Hardaway site. Small fragments of bone and turtle shell also occurred, but both bone and charcoal samples were deemed too small for positive dating by the C-14 method. Soon, however, a sample that was hoped to be large enough for dating was found in Square A-8 from the 8’ 6" or Hardaway Side-Notched level. This sample was sent to Dr. C. Vance Haynes at the University of Arizona, Tucson, for dating by the latest C-14 technology. The date subsequently obtained from this sample was 11,100+/-1530 years B. P.

The plus or minus range is unfortunately great for a positive date, minimum 9,570 -- maximum 12,630, but the minimum is well within the Paleo-Indian time period (8 to 12,000 B.P.) and the maximum far beyond, and well within the "Early Man Period" (12,000 B.P. and before). We expected a date of 10,500 or beyond, however, and are very comfortable with the date 11,100 years B. P . Subsequent carbon dates may alter this date somewhat, but not very greatly we believe.

Many of our more conservative (traditionalist) scholars refuse to consider side-notched or corner-notched projectile points as being of Paleo-Indian age or origin. These purests maintain that notching came later in time (Early Archaic) and that a lanceolate shape is the hallmark of the Paleo-Indian projectile point. This archaeological tradition began during the l930’s and has persisted to the present day. Now that we are certain that notched projectile points are just as old, and quite probably even older, than fluted lanceolate points, we must discard outdated view points and keep an open mind. We ask ourselves, does the term "Paleo-Indian" constitute a time period, a series of related projectile point types, or a certain nomadic way of life? We must consider it, a time period and any projectile point made during that period is Paleo-Indian, be it notched, stemmed, bi-lobed or lanceolate. Hardaway Side-Notched projectile points are Paleo-Indian in age and Early Man Period in origin, and they need not be related in any manner to the Clovis Tradition. Again we reiterate, "there were at least two separate Early Man lithic traditions in the Southeast and the Hardaway Tradition is perhaps the older of the

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