The Baucom Hardaway Site (Peck and Painter)

stratigraphy at the St. Albans Site in Nest Virginia (Broyles, 1971) that the St. Albans type is the younger and we must assume that this is also the case at the Baucom site. In Square A-9 and within four inches horizontally of a good example of a Nottoway river projectile point a good charcoal sample was found and subsequently C-14 dated. The carbon sample was divided in two parts and processed separately, giving us two dates i.e. 8,526 +/-320 and 8,526 +/-279 year B. P. (University of Arizona AA-349 A-B (906 A-B). There cannot be much doubt of validity when two dates agree within 41 years of each other. These dates are younger than the dates obtained by Bettye Broyles at St. Albans, but she considers her dates to be 500 years too old for the types. If this is indeed the case, then the dates from St. Albans and the Baucom site agree within 200 years, this is understandable considering the widely separated geographic areas from which they came. The Nottoway River projectile point (Painter, 1970) resembles the MacCorkle Stemmed point (Broyles, 1971 ) but with differences. The Nottoway River point is longer, wider, thinner and better made than the MacCorkle. The morphological features or traits of the Nottoway River are more pronounced. The area of greatest concentration of the Nottoway River (but not the St. Albans) is the Nottoway and Heherrin River systems of southeaster Virginia and northeastern North Carolina. The St. Albans has a wide spread distribution in the Piedmont and Mountain provinces of the Middle Atlantic and Southeastern States. The Nottoway River and St. Albans types are ancestral to the Le Croy Bifurcated type that has a much wider distribution in the Eastern and Southeastern States.

Palmer Corner- Notched

At the 7 ’ 4" level, and at the very bottom of the stratum of yellow sandy clay Palmer Corner-Notched projectile points (Coe, 1964) made their appearance. The Palmer Comer-Notched (Figure 6) point types were represented in this level by 25 projectile points, hundreds of end and side scrapers, chips, blades and bifaces. No datable charcoal was found in the Palmer level we are sorry to state, however, in Square B-6 an unique firepit feature was found which will be discussed later . The Palmer level seems to represent a long period of intermittent occupation by this cultural group. They probably returned to this site year-after-year for a very long period and stayed long enough each time to engage in various activities such as lithic tool manufacturing, hide curing, food preserving and handcrafts of many types. The Palmer level is the second richest cultural accumulation at the Baucom Hardaway site and much can be gained here by further studies.

The Palmer Culture is geographically widespread in Eastern North America, occurring in variant forms in almost every state east of the Great Plains. Though called by different names and even mistakenly placed in different time periods, the morphological traits remain the same in all areas of its occurrence. These traits are as follows- straight or slightly concave or convex based, comer notched, well ground bases and notches, serrated blade edges, sometimes alternately beveled in resharpened stages, often resharpened into drill-like forms, made of the finest lithic material available in its region, often resharpened down to mere stubs, always accompanied by well-made end scrapers (scrapers sometimes notched for hafting). Based on C-14 dates and estimated dates from other sites (Broyles, 1972: Patterson and Hudgins, 1984) and dates both younger and older from the Baucom site itself, a Late Paleo-Indian age of from 9,500 to 10,000 years B. P. must now be as- signed to the Palmer Comer-Notched and some of its variant types.

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