The Baucom Hardaway Site (Peck and Painter)

case the earth scouring action of a flash flood could account for the difference in stratigraphy.

We are indeed fortunate that so much of the site retained an undisturbed stratigraphic record (Map 4, Figure 1 ) .


Little remained of the topsoil and upper humus and sand levels of the site after fill dirt removal, but on what little was left and around the edges of the disturbed area a small sampling of Nood1and Period material was recovered.

Randolph Stemmed

The topmost aboriginal artifacts recovered were 4 Randolph Stemmed projectile points (Coe, 1964) The Randolph Stemmed (not shown) resembles a miniature Morrow Mountain point (Coe, 1964) but, the workmanship is much cruder . The Randolph Stemmed point is placed by (Coe at a time long after European Contact when the Indians of the Piedmont had adopted much of the European culture but could not always afford or obtain firearms and had to depend on the bow and arrows for hunting. The Randolph Stemmed was their answer to the problem. These points are dated by Coe at between l 725 and 1000 A.D. No European cultural material was noted at this level (6" below surface, Figure 1 ) in the top portion of a layer of’ humus and sand.

Yadkin and Caraway Triangular

From the 8" level in the stratum of humus and sand, to the 1’ 4" level in the same stratum, 22 triangular projectile points were recovered (9 are shown). These points resemble two types, the Yadkin Large Triangular and the Caraway Triangular (Coe, 1964), with a few unidentified types present. These triangles were found so mixed in the stratum that it was impossible to determine which type was the older of the two. The same problem existed for the unidentified types.

Approximately 100 potsherds were recovered from the same stratum, most were quite small, 1" to 1 1/2 " in size. Sherds indicated that the vessels were concoidal based and straight rimmed. Decorations were few, and these were fabric or cord impressed. The potsherds were tempered with a mixture of sand and crushed stone. The surface decorated sherds resemble the Yadkin Cord-Marked and the Yadkin Fabric- Marked types (Coe, 1964), but a study of the potsherds has not been made. It is very possible that the sand contained in the sherds occurred in the clay used to manufacture the pots and was not included as a tempering agent.

Additional materials occurring in the level with triangular projectile points were chips, cores, a few scrapers and small pieces of steatite potsherds in the lower portion. No features such as firepits, hearths, or postmolds were present in this Woodland Period level. The steatite used in the potsherds could have been quarried at known steatite deposits located near Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 65 miles north of the site, or on the Pacolet River in Spartanburg County, South Carolina 85 miles west-southwest of’ the Baucom site area (Peck, 1981 ).

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